How do we know?
What actually happens is that the male provides a sample of his semen, which then undergoes a “semen analysis”. The results of the semen analysis can be that he has normozoospermia (normal count, strength and shape) or some or all of the below:
- oligozoospermia: this means that the concentration of sperm is not within ‘normal’ levels, and is called ‘low sperm count’ by some.
- asthenozoospermia: this mean that not enough sperm are swimming with enough strength, and can be called ‘weak’ sperm.
- teratozoospermia: this means that that is a high proportion of sperm that are mutated.
You may also test for DNA Fragmentation. The DFI or DNA fragmentation index will tell you the percentage of sperm cells containing damaged DNA.
All these tests tell you that perhaps you may want to do something to enhance your reproductive function as a guy if you and your wife want to conceive a healthy and happy baby.
What can you do to make that happen?